ESG: assessing business practices.

    At Lombard Odier, we take a three-tiered approach to understanding the sustainability of a company’s Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) practices, considering long-term metrics, short-term metrics and impact metrics.


    6. ESG-approach_EN.jpg

    Source: LOIM. For illustrative purposes only


    Long-term metric: A multi-lens perspective on long-term sustainability

    While simple ESG scoring methodologies can be a useful guide to assessing which companies have more sustainable practices than others, we find they do not generally reveal who is making real, measurable progress over time. They can also naturally favour larger companies with the resources to spend on creating transparency around their social and environmental practices. In order to understand these dynamics better and generate a more meaningful outcome, we introduced our proprietary ‘CAR’ methodology in 2012. 


    CAR scoring methodology

    CAR stands for ‘Consciousness’, ‘Action’ and ‘Results’. It sorts through vast amount of raw ESG data to better differentiate between the talkers, the do-ers and the real achievers. We place a greater emphasis on the ‘R’ when arriving at the final score to give our investment teams a much deeper understanding of genuine corporate sustainability.


    7. CAR-graphic.png


    Short-term metric: Controversy scoring to understand short-term sustainability risk

    Serious corporate responsibility failings tend to materialise, in the short term, in the form of controversies. The impact of these events can be meaningful for investors because they create reputational issues, often leading to lower market performance.

    To understand this risk in the short term, we look at companies’ exposure to controversies and gauge the severity of these issues, applying a “Controversy Score” from 0 to 5, where 0 is no concern and 5 is a major concern. Companies with scores of 4 and 5 can be screened out of portfolios as a way to limit portfolio risk. We have implemented an internal policy under which trading in level 5 controversy companies is restricted without further explanation and validation at CIO level. 

    We also seek to engage with companies featured on the controversies’ list as a way to mitigate risk.


    Classification of incidents following standards by United Nations Global Compact Principles 


    8. Incident_classification_EN.jpg

    Source: LOIM. For illustrative purposes only


    Impact metrics

    In analysing how well companies are positioned for the transition to a CLIC™ (Circular, Lean, Inclusive, and Clean) economy, we believe it is important to understand the impact they have from a socio-economic context. The level of opportunity a company faces in terms of growth or competitive advantage will be materially affected by its impact and warrants close analysis. We also believe it is important for investors to easily understand what impact they are accountable for.

    We have developed a series of impact metrics relating to carbon emissions and water consumption to address two specific needs: to help portfolio managers pick the right stocks; and to help end investors more easily understand what they are accountable for.

    On carbon emissions, we look at the total production and emissions scope of a company including production, energy usage and its supply chain. Our methodology for reporting carbon emissions is aligned with the final recommendations of the Taskforce for Climate-Related Financial Disclosure (TCFD).

    For water we look at both how much the company has purchased as well as its direct withdrawal from water sources.

    We then calculate two different ratios for each metric: first, the intensity ratio, which is the level of carbon emissions or water consumption per revenue unit which can be used to compare the carbon and water intensity of a company versus its peers; second, we calculate the investment ratio, which is the level of carbon emissions or water consumption per investment unit as a way of identifying a company’s accountability.


    9. Production-and-emissions-scope.jpg

    Source: LOIM. For illustrative purposes only


    Carbon metrics